300 Cruzeiro Brazil

Issue year(s):

Catalog reference:

Untitled Document

1972, Brazil. Gold 300 Cruzeiros “150th Independence Anniversary” Coin

Mint Year: 1972

Reverences. KM-584.

Denomination: 300 Cruzeiros

Material: Gold (.920)

Diameter: 27.5mm

Weight: 16.65gm

Obverse: Conjoined busts of Pedro I, the last Emperor of Brazil, and General Emílio Garrastazu Médici left. Dates (1972/1822) below.

Reverse: Map of Brazil design above value (300) and denomination (CRUZEIRO/CRUZEIROS). Privy marks in fields.

Emílio Garrastazu Médici, (December 4, 1905 —October 9, 1985) was a Brazilian military leader and politician. His characteristically conservative rule from 1969 to 1974 marked the apex of military-led non-democratic governments in Brazil.

Médici was born in Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul state. From his father’s side, he was the grandson of Italian immigrants who went to Uruguay and then re-migrated to Brazil. From his mother’s side he was descended from a Basque family. In the 1920s he entered in the Army where he was steadily promoted, becoming general in 1961.

Médici was a close ally of Marshal Artur da Costa e Silva, who became president of Brazil in 1967. Also in this year Médici was appointed chief of the National Information Service (SNI).

Two years later he become commandant of the Third Army and was chosen to become president of Brazil by the Military High Command, succeeding Costa e Silva, who had suffered a stroke. As the president was elected by a legislature dominated by the pro-military National Renewal Alliance Party, his election was a foregone conclusion. Médici took oath on October 30, 1969 and served until the end of his term, March 15, 1974.

During his tenure, Médici established a strong military dictatorship, arguably the most repressive of Brazil’s military regimes. He ruled under a constitution which had been amended a few months earlier to be even more repressive than its predecessor already had been. His regime made liberal use of torture and strict press censorship. During his rule a guerilla movement led by Carlos Marighela and Carlos Lamarca was destroyed and Marighela and Lamarca killed.

The Brazilian economy grew rapidly at a rate of 10% per year during his term. Large construction projects were undertaken, including the Trans-Amazonian highway, the Itaipu Dam and Rio–Niterói bridge. On the other side, the economic growth benefited mainly the richer classes — by the end of 1970, the official minimum wage went down to US$40/month, and the more than one-third of the Brazilian workforce whose wages were tied to it lost about 50% of their purchasing power in relation to 1960 levels at the end of Juscelino Kubitscheck administration.

Official censorship tightened its grip over the media, and the import of the men’s magazines Playboy, Penthouse and Lui, as well as the West German news magazine Der Spiegel, was banned because they offended “morality and proper behavior”.

In 1971, President Richard Nixon and Médici discussed coordinating their efforts to overthrow Cuba’s Fidel Castro and Chile’s Salvador Allende. National security advisor Henry Kissinger’s account of the December 9, 1971, White House visit by Médici was written “for the president's file” and classified Top Secret. It was declassified on September 4, 2008, and made public in July as part of a State Department publication on U.S. foreign policy.

Kissinger’s memo shows that it was Nixon who raised the subject of Allende during the meeting, asking for Médici’s views on Chile: “Médici said Allende would be overthrown”. [Nixon] then asked whether Médici thought that the Chilean armed forces were capable of overthrowing Allende. Médici replied that he felt that they were, and [he] made clear that Brazil was "working towards this end. The memo notes that Nixon and Médici also discussed whether Cuba should have readmission to the Organization of American States. For his part, Médici noted that Peru was trying to persuade the OAS to consider readmitting Cuba and asked Nixon how they should cooperate to oppose the move. Nixon said he would study the issue and reply to Médici “privately.” The OAS voted to lift sanctions on Cuba in 1974.

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5  coins in the group

(3205 X 1551pixels, file size: ~488K)
Posted by: anonymous  2023-10-29
Untitled Document 1972, Brazil. Gold 300 Cruzeiros "150th Independence Anniversary" Coin. NGC MS-64! Mint Year: 1972 Reverences. KM-584. Denomination: 300 Cruzeiros Condition: Certified and graded by NGC as MS-64! Material: Gold (.920) Diameter: 27.5mm Weight: 16.65g ...

(740 X 367pixels, file size: ~44K)
Posted by: anonymous  2019-05-29
1889,BRASILIEN. Republik, seit 1889. 300 Cruzeiros 1972. 150. Jahrestag der Unabhängigkeit. 16.67 g. KM 584. Fr. 126. FDC / Uncirculated. (~€ 440/USD 500)

(900 X 455pixels, file size: ~89K)
Posted by: anonymous  2015-11-20
Brasilien 300 Cruzeiros 1972. Unabhängigkeit. K.M. 584, Friedberg 126. GOLD. Winz. Kratzer, Stempelglanz

(1205 X 600pixels, file size: ~161K)
Posted by: anonymous  2015-03-06
Brazil. 300 Cruzeiros, 1972. Fr-126; KM-584. Weight 0.4925 ounce. Pedro I and President Medici. 150th Anniversary of Independence. NGC graded MS-64. Estimated Value $450 - 475. The Ports of Call Collection. Categories:

(1205 X 600pixels, file size: ~93K)
Posted by: anonymous  2015-03-06
Brazil. 300 Cruzeiros, 1972. Fr-126; KM-584. Weight 0.4925 ounce. For the 150th Anniversary of Independence. Pedro I and General Emilo Garrastazu Medici heads left. NGC graded MS-67. Estimated Value $475 - 500. Categories:

Sold for: $36.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/404956533075 2024-05-23
1992 U.S. $1 Dollar American Silver Eagle 1 Oz .999 Lot#A4927 High Grade!

Sold for: $36.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/404955182027 2024-05-23
1901-S U.S. $1 Morgan Dollar Lot#A4883 Large Silver Coin!

Sold for: $168.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/404955180626 2024-05-23
1903 U.S. $1 Morgan Dollar Lot#A4882 Large Silver Coin!
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