Shilling Holy Roman Empire (962-1806) Silver Johann Wilhelm of J ...

Metal:
Issue year(s):
1612

Person:
Johann Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg             
Catalog reference:

1612, Julich-Cleve-Berg, Johann Wilhelm. Scarce Silver Schilling Coin

Denomination: Schilling 

Mint Place: Emmerich (in Cleve)

Mint Period: ca. 1612-1613 (not dated)

Reference: Noss 377, KM-39 ($120 in VF!)

Diameter: 29mm

Weight: 4.60gm

Material: Silver


Obverse: Crowned coat-of-arms of Julich-Cleve-Berg on X-shaped Burgundian cross, which splits legends.

Legend: MO - . NO . ARG – DVC . CLI – IVL . E . M  - ON & H  


Reverse: Crown above double headed Imperial eagle facing. Titles of Emperor Matthias I around.

Legend: MATHIAS . I . ROM . IMP . SEMP . AVGVS :



The so-called United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire between 1521 and 1666, formed from the personal union of the duchies of Jülich, Cleves and Berg. The name was resurrected after the Congress of Vienna for province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg of the Kingdom of Prussia between 1815 and 1822. Its territory is today split between the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Dutch province of Gelderland.


Johann Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (German: Johann Wilhelm, Herzog zu Kleve, Jülich und Berg) (28 May 1562 – 25 March 1609) was the last Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.


His parents were William the Rich, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1516–1592) and Maria of Austria (1531–1581), a daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. He grew up and was educated in Xanten. Johann Wilhelm became Bishop of Münster. However, after the unexpected death of his elder brother Karl Friedrich, Wilhelm was needed to succeed his father as Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, a secular fief. He was also Count of Altena. The United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg was a combination of reichsfrei states within the Holy Roman Empire.


Johann Wilhelm was first married in 1585 to Jakobea of Baden (d. 1597), daughter of Philibert, Margrave of Baden. He was secondly married to Antonia of Lorraine (d. 1610), daughter of Charles III, Duke of Lorraine. Some believe that Johann Wilhelm also had a morganatic marriage prior to 1585 with Anna op den Graeff, with whom he had a son, Herman op den Graeff. No substantial evidence of any relation between the Op den Graeff and John William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg has ever been presented, so most likely that connection is non-existent.


Johann Wilhelm was subject to a serious mental illness, for which he was treated by the physician Francesco Maria Guazzo. He died on 25 March 1609, leaving no heirs to succeed him.


Upon Johann Wilhelm’s death in 1609, his inheritance was claimed by the heirs of his two eldest sisters: the heir of Maria Eleonora of Cleves (1550–1608), the eldest sister and married to Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia, was Anna of Prussia, the Electress of Brandenburg, a Protestant. The second sister was Anna of Cleves (1552–1632), married to Philipp Ludwig, Count Palatine of Neuburg, whose son and heir was the future Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg, a convert to Roman Catholicism in 1613.


The disputes of the epoch between Protestants and Catholics escalated, leading to the Thirty Years' War in 1618; the succession dispute became part of the war. Ultimately, Brandenburg received Cleves-Mark and Neuburg received Jülich-Berg, after the lands had been trampled under military several times and lost much of the fabled wealth so renowned in Duke Wilhelm’s time. Among his court servants and employees were the composer Konrad Hagius.



 

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2  coins in the group

(1537 X 741pixels, file size: ~254K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-02-21
1612, Julich-Cleve-Berg (Duchy). Scarce Silver Schilling Coin. VF-aXF! Mint Period: 1612-1613 Denomination: Schilling Mint Place: Emmerich (in Cleve) Reference: Noss 377, KM-39 ($120 in VF!) Condition: Crudely struk, otherwise VF-aXF! Diameter: 29mm Weight: 4.65gm Material: Silver Obv ...

(3205 X 1527pixels, file size: ~956K)
Posted by: anonymous  2023-12-07
1612, Julich-Cleve-Berg, Johann Wilhelm. Scarce Silver Schilling Coin. VF-aXF! Denomination: Schilling Mint Place: Emmerich (in Cleve) Mint Period: ca. 1612-1613 (not dated) Reference: Noss 377, KM-39 ($120 in VF!) Condition: Struck on an irregular (not fully round) planchet, ...

Sold for: $32.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/364890803587 2024-05-23
AUSTRIA 20 Kreuzer 1868 - Silver .500 - aUNC - 364

Sold for: $12.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/204788134564 2024-05-23
AUSTRIA 20 Kreuzer 1869 - Silver .500 - VF - 362

Sold for: $15.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/204788134520 2024-05-23
AUSTRIA 20 Kreuzer 1870 - Silver .500 - XF- 363
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