1 Solidus Byzantine Empire (330-1453) Gold Phocas(?-610)

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Byzantine Empire, Phocas (602-610) Gold Solidus Coin

Denomination: Solidus

Mint Place: Constantinople

Reference: Sear 620, MIB 9.

Mint Period: ca. 607-609 AD

Diameter: 22mm

Weight: 4.47gm

Material: Gold!

Obverse: Crowned and cuirassed facing bust, holding globus cruciger.

Legend: d N FOCAS – PERP AVI

Reverse: Angel standing facing, holding globus cruciger and long staff terminating in staurogram.


The staurogram (), also monogrammatic cross or tau-rho, is a ligature composed of a superposition of the Greek letters tau (Τ) and rho (Ρ).

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire primarily in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople. It survived the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist until the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire remained the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in the Mediterranean world. Its citizens continued to refer to their empire as the Roman Empire and to themselves as Romans—a term which Greeks continued to use for themselves into Ottoman times. Modern historians distinguish the Byzantine Empire from the earlier Roman Empire due to the imperial seat moving from Rome to Byzantium, the empire’s integration of Christianity, and the predominance of Greek instead of Latin.

Phocas (Latin: Focas; Greek: Φωκάς, translit. Phōkás; 547 – 5 October 610) was Eastern Roman emperor from 602 to 610. Initially, a middle-ranking officer in the Eastern Roman army, Phocas rose to prominence as a spokesman for dissatisfied soldiers in their disputes with the court of the Emperor Maurice. When the army revolted in 602, Phocas emerged as the natural leader of the mutiny. The revolt proved to be successful and led to the capture of Constantinople and the overthrow of Maurice on 23 November 602 with Phocas declaring himself emperor on the same day.

Phocas deeply mistrusted the uncooperative elite of Constantinople to whom he was a usurper and a provincial boor. He, therefore, attempted to base his regime on relatives whom he installed in high military and administrative positions. He immediately faced multiple challenges in domestic and foreign affairs to which he responded with little success. He dealt with domestic opposition with increasing ruthlessness which alienated even wider circles, including some members of his own household. At the same time, the Empire was threatened on multiple frontiers. Avars and Slavs renewed their destructive raids of the Balkans, and the Sassanid Empire launched a massive invasion of the eastern provinces. Finally, the Exarch of Africa, Heraclius the Elder, rebelled against Phocas and gained wide support throughout the empire. Phocas attempted to use border troops to crush the rebellion, which however only resulted in allowing the foreign invaders to break into the heartlands of the Empire. Heraclius the Elder’s son, Heraclius, succeeded in taking Constantinople on 5 October 610, and executed Phocas on the same day, before declaring himself the emperor.

Surviving sources are universally extremely hostile to Phocas. He is described as an incompetent tyrant and usurper who brutally purged any real or perceived opposition and left the Empire wide open to foreign aggression. The veracity of these sources is difficult to ascertain since emperors of the Heraclian dynasty who succeeded Phocas had a vested interest in tarnishing his reputation.

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2  coins in the group

(3205 X 1579pixels, file size: ~1M)
Posted by: anonymous  2023-10-31
Byzantine Empire, Phocas (602-610) Gold Solidus Coin. High-Grade! NGC MS 5/4! Denomination: Solidus Mint Place: Constantinople Reference: Sear 620, MIB 9. Mint Period: ca. 607-609 AD Condition: Certified and graded by NGC as MS Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5! Diameter: 22mm W ...

Sold for: $204.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/386896533779 2024-04-17
CRUSADERS, Edessa. Joscelin I de Courtenay or Joscelin II. 1119-1150. Follis

Sold for: $13.04
Австрия 1 крейцер (1816 г.) Медь

Sold for: $11.41
Саксония 2 пфеннига (1862 г.) Медь Номер по Краузе # 1217
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