1 Escudo Spanish Empire (1700 - 1808) Gold Charles IV of Spain (1 ...

Metal:
Issue year(s):
1791

Catalog reference:
  Fr-296


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1797, Charles IV of Spain. Spanish Gold 1 Escudo Coin.

Mint Year: 1797 Denomination:  Gold 1 Escudo    Mint Place: Madrid (crowned M) Reference: Friedberg 298, KM-434. Assayers: Manuel de Lamas and Francisco Herrera (MF) Diameter: 18mm Weight: 3.33gm Material: Gold!

Obverse: Draped profile bust of Charles IV right. Legend: CAROLUS . IIII . D.G . HISP . ET IND . R . 1797 . Translation: "Charles IV by the Grace of God, King of the Spains and Indies 1797"

Reverse: Shield under crown and Collar of the Golden Fleece. Legend: AUSPICE DEO IN UTROQ FELIX (Crowned M) MF (Assayer Initials) Translation: "Under God’s Auspices Happy in Both (Worlds)"

Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808.

Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife Maria Amalia of Saxony. He was born at Portici, while his father was king of the Two Sicilies. His elder brother Don Felipe was passed over for the two thrones as mentally retarded and epileptic.

Charles had inherited a great frame and immense physical strength from the Saxon line of his mother, granddaughter of August the Strong. When young he was fond of wrestling with the strongest countrymen he could find. While he was considered by many to be intellectually sluggish and quite credulous he was also known for his acts of kindness.

In 1788, Charles III died and Charles IV succeeded to the throne. Even though he had a profound belief in the sanctity of his office and kept up the appearance of an absolute, powerful monarch, he never took more than a passive part in the direction of his own government, occupying himself with hunting. The affairs of government he left to his wife and his prime minister. In 1792, Maria Louis finally succeeded in ousting the Count of Floridablanca from office and had him replaced with Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda, the chief of the Aragonese party. However, in the wake of the war against Republican France, the liberal-leaning Count of Aranda was replaced by Manuel de Godoy, a favourite of the Queen and allegedly her lover, who would henceforth enjoy the lasting favour of the King.

Godoy continued Aranda’s policy of neutrality towards France but after Spain protested against the execution of the deposed king in 1793, France declared war on Spain and in 1795 forced Godoy to conclude an alliance and declared war on Great Britain.

In 1803, after smallpox had affected his daughter María Luísa, the king commissioned his doctor Francisco Javier de Balmis to bring the vaccine to the Spanish colonies on state expenses.

Spain remained an ally of France and supported the Continental Blockade until the the British naval victory at Trafalgar. However, After Napoleon’s victory over Prussia in 1807, Godoy again steered Spain back onto the French side. This switching back and forth devalued Charles' position as a trustworthy ally while the return to the French alliance increased Godoy’s unpopularity and strengthened partido fernandista, the supporters of Crown Prince Ferdinand, who favored a close relationship with Great Britain.

When King Charles was told that his son Ferdinand was appealing to Napoleon against Godoy, he took the side of the minister. When the populace rose at Aranjuez in 1808 he abdicated on March 19, in favour of his son, to save the minister who had been taken prisoner. Ferdinand took the throne as Ferdinand VII, but was distrusted by Napoleon who had 100,000 soldiers in Spain by that time.

Charles IV found refuge in France, and became a prisoner of Napoleon: the latter, posing as arbiter, summoned both Charles IV and his son to Bayonne in April and coaxed Charles (who had a difficult time restraining himself from assaulting his son) to retract his earlier abdication and abdicate, on May 5, 1808, in favour of Napoleon.

Charles was then interned in Talleyrand’s castle in Valençay. He accepted a pension from the French Emperor and spent the rest of his life between his wife and Godoy, staying briefly in Compiègne and more durably in Marseille.

In 1812, he finally settled in Rome in the Palazzo Barberini, where he died on January 20, 1819.


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17  coins in the group
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(1365 X 656pixels, file size: ~217K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-12-03
1797, Charles IV of Spain. Beautiful Spanish Gold 1 Escudo Coin. 3.33gm! Mint Year: 1797 Denomination: Gold 1 Escudo Mint Place: Madrid (crowned M) Reference: Friedberg 298, KM-434. Condition: Lightly wiped in the past, otherwise XF-AU! Assayers: Manuel de Lamas and Francisco Herrer ...

(1365 X 640pixels, file size: ~206K)
Posted by: anonymous  2021-09-15
1807, Kingdom of Spain, Charles IV. Gold 1 Escudo Coin. (3.18gm) Tooled Edge! Mint Year: 1807 Reference: KM-434. Denomination: 1 Escudo Mint Mark: Crowned M (Madrid Mint). Condition: Tooled edge (Reduced size, re-engraved edge - possibly used in jewellery!), weight-adjusting marks in ob ...

(1365 X 653pixels, file size: ~192K)
Posted by: anonymous  2019-10-25
1797, Charles IV of Spain. Beautiful Spanish Gold 1 Escudo Coin. 3.37gm! Mint Year: 1797 Denomination: Gold 1 Escudo Mint Place: Madrid (crowned M) Reference: Friedberg 298, KM-434. Condition: A well-circulated and cleaned VF! Assayers: Manuel de Lamas and Francisco Herrera (MF) Dia ...

(1500 X 744pixels, file size: ~203K)
Posted by: anonymous  2019-05-20
Spanien. Carlos IV. 1788-1808. Escudo 1789 MF, Madrid. Friedberg 298. GOLD. Sehr schön

(740 X 361pixels, file size: ~60K)
Posted by: anonymous  2019-05-29
1793,SPANIEN. Königreich. Carlos IV. 1788-1808. 1 Escudo 1793, MF-Madrid. 3.45 g. Cayon 14030. Fr. 298. Vorzüglich / Extremely fine. (~€ 130/USD 150)

(730 X 370pixels, file size: ~67K)
Posted by: anonymous  2019-09-24
1791,Spanien. Carlos IV. 1788-1808. Escudo 1791 MF, Madrid. Friedberg 298, Calicó/Trigo 422. GOLD. Sehr schön +
 
  1774, Kingdom of Spain, Charles III. Beautiful Gold 2 Escudos Coin.(XF!) 6.74gm!  Mint Year: 1774 Mint Place: Seville (S) Denomination: 2 Escudos Reference: Friedberg 285, CT-549, KM-417.2.   ...
Sold for: $520.0
1774, Kingdom of Spain, Charles III. Beautiful Gold 2 Escudos Coin.(XF!) 6.74gm! Mint Year: 1774 Mint Place: Seville (S) Denomination: 2 Escudos Reference: Friedberg 285, CT-549, KM-417.2. ...
 
  1903, Mexico (2nd Republic). Beautiful Large Silver
Sold for: $31.0
1903, Mexico (2nd Republic). Beautiful Large Silver "Eagle" Peso Coin. XF- Mint Year: 1903 Reference: KM-409.2. Mint Place: Zacatecas (Zs) Denomination: Peso (Republican Dollar) Conditio ...
 
  1773, Kingdom of Spain, Charles III.  Gold 2 Escudos Coin. (Cleaned XF!) 6.74gm!  Mint Year: 1773 Mint Place: Seville (S) Denomination: 2 Escudos Reference: Friedberg 285, CT-549, KM-417.2.   ...
Sold for: $379.0
1773, Kingdom of Spain, Charles III. Gold 2 Escudos Coin. (Cleaned XF!) 6.74gm! Mint Year: 1773 Mint Place: Seville (S) Denomination: 2 Escudos Reference: Friedberg 285, CT-549, KM-417.2. ...
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