1/2 Birr Ethiopia Silver Menelik II of Ethiopia ( 1844 -1913)

1/2 Birr
Metal:
State:
Ethiopia             
Issue year(s):
1897

Person:
Menelik II of Ethiopia ( 1844 -1913)             
Catalog reference:



CoinWorldTV

1897 (EE1899), Ethiopia, Emperor Menelik II. Silver ½ Birr (½ Talari)

Reference: KM-4. Emperor: Menelik II Mint Place: Paris (A)   Mint Year: 1897 (EE 1889) Denomination: ½ Birr (½ Talari) Weight: 14.04gm Material: Silver

Obverse: Crowned bust of Emperor Manelik II right. Date (1889 of the Eastern Calendar) below. Ethiopian legend around.

Reverse: Crowned lion left, holding cross-topped banner with  left foreleg. Ethiopian legend around.

The birr is the unit of currency in Ethiopia. Before 1976, dollar was the official English translation of birr. Today, it is officially birr in English as well. The currency was first intruduced in 1893 and was equivalent to the Levant Tallero or Maria Theresa thaler, which were the official currency beneath item money called amoleh (blocks of salt). The only modern machine struck Ethiopian crown to actually circulate. All were struck at Paris.

Emperor Menelik II GCB, GCMG, baptized as Sahle Maryam (August 17, 1844December 12, 1913), was Negus of Shewa (1866-1889), then n?gusä nägäst of Ethiopia from 1889 to his death.

Menelik II is considered by Pan-Africanist scholar Ali Mazrui to be one of the most powerful black men in history, along with Ramesses II, who Mazrui believes to have been of the same race as Menelik. (This point is disputed between Egyptologists, with some agreeing with Mazrui’s assessment of the Pharaoh’s race and others disagreeing.)

Menelik II was fascinated by modernity, and like Tewodros II before him, had a keen ambition to introduce Western technological and administrative advances into Ethiopia. Following the rush by the major powers to establish diplomatic relations following the Ethiopian victory at Adowa, more and more westerners began to travel to Ethiopia looking for trade, farming, hunting and mineral exploration concessions. Menelik II founded the first modern bank in Ethiopia, the Bank of Abyssinia, introduced the first modern postal system, signed the agreement and initiated work that established the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway with the French, introduced electricity to Addis Ababa, as well as the telephone, telegraph, the motor car and modern plumbing. He attempted unsuccessfully to introduce coinage to replace the Maria Theresa thaler.

During the 1890s, Menelik heard about the modern method of executing criminals using electric chairs, and he ordered 3 for his kingdom. When the chairs arrived, Menelik learnt they would not work, as Ethiopia did not yet have an electrical power industry. Rather than waste his investment, Menelik used one of the chairs as his throne, sending another to Lique Mequas Abate. During a particularly devastating famine caused by Rinderpest early in his reign, Menelik II personally went out with a hand-held hoe to furrow the fields to show that there was no shame in plowing fields by hand without oxen, something Ethiopian highlanders had been too proud to consider previously. He also forgave taxes during this particularly severe famine.

Later in his reign, he established the first Cabinet of Ministers to help in the administration of the Empire, appointing trusted and widely respected nobles and retainers to the first Ministries. These ministers would remain in place long after his death, serving in their posts through the brief reign of Lij Iyasu and into the reign of Empress Zauditu. They played a key role in deposing Lij Iyasu.


type to read more

 

8  coins in the group
2

(1537 X 744pixels, file size: ~192K)
Posted by: anonymous  2018-09-02
CoinWorldTV 1897 (EE1899), Ethiopia, Emperor Menelik II. Silver ½ Birr (½ Talari). PCGS AU55! Reference: KM-4. Emperor: Menelik II Mint Place: Paris (A) Mint Year: 1897 (EE 1889) Denomination: ½ Birr (½ Talari) Condition: Certified and graded by PCGS as AU-55! Weight: 14.04gm Materia ...

(1125 X 420pixels, file size: ~89K)
Posted by: anonymous  2017-06-08
ETHIOPIA 1897A(EE1889) 1/2 Birr Silver

(1605 X 600pixels, file size: ~200K)
Posted by: anonymous  2016-09-14
ETHIOPIA 1897 (EE1889) 1/2 Bir Silver

(1605 X 600pixels, file size: ~214K)
Posted by: anonymous  2016-08-18
ETHIOPIA 1897 (EE 1889) 1/2 Bir Silver Fine

(1000 X 500pixels, file size: ~153K)
Posted by: anonymous  2015-12-08
Ausländische Münzen und Medaillen Äthiopien Menelik II. 1889-1913. 1/2 Birr EE 1887 A (1894), Paris. K.M. 4. Vorzüglich - Stempelglanz

(1605 X 600pixels, file size: ~224K)
Posted by: anonymous  2015-11-12
ETHIOPIA 1897 (EE1889) 1/2 Bir Silver
Articles
Ethiopia rare coins   Ethiopia has a rich numismatic history with several rare and historically significant coins. Some notable examples include:Ethiopian Birr Coins: Ethiopia has issued various coins over the years denominated in Birr, the country's currency. These coins feature different designs and denominations, ranging from small denominations like 1 Birr to l ...

Sold for: $1966.0
G WORLD COINS, AFRICA, ETHIOPIA Empress Zauditu, Gold Werk ( ⅛ -Birr), EE1917 (1925), Addis Ababa, bust left, rev lion of Judah left, below, original denomination, but obliterated at the mint bef ...

Sold for: $3605.0
G WORLD COINS, AFRICA, ETHIOPIA Empress Zauditu, Gold 2-Werk (¼-Birr), EE1917 (1925), Addis Ababa, bust left, rev lion of Judah left, below, original denomination, but obliterated at the mint bef ...

Sold for: $2430.0
Ethiopia, Empress Zauditu (1917-30), gold presentation 1/8 Birr (One Werk) without denomination, 20mm., 5.57g, EE 1917, crowned bust left, Ethiopian date on shoulder, rev. Lion of Judah, denomina ...
You may be interested in following coins
1 Werk Ethiopia Gold Menelik II of Ethiopia ( 1844 -1913)
1 Werk Ethiopia Gold Menelik II of Ethio ...
group has   9 coins / 8 prices
1 Gersh Ethiopia Silver
1 Gersh Ethiopia Silver
group has   10 coins / 9 prices
1/2 Birr Ethiopia Silver Menelik II of Ethiopia ( 1844 -1913)
1/2 Birr Ethiopia Silver Menelik II of E ...
group has   8 coins / 8 prices
2024-04-22 - New coin is added to 5 Centesimo Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946) Copper Victor Emman ...


    5 Centesimo Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946) Copper Victor Emman ...
group has    6 coins / 3 prices



1909, Kingdom of Italy, Victor Emanuel III. Copper 5 Centesimi Coin. NGC MS-63! Mint Year: 1909 Mint Place: RomeDenomination: 5 CentissimiReference: KM-42 ($145 in MS63!).Designers: Pi ...
2024-04-22 - New coin is added to 50 Peso United Mexican States (1867 - )


    50 Peso United Mexican States (1867 - )
group has    7 coins / 6 prices



1994, Mexico. Aluminum-Bronze & Silver 50 Nuevos Pesos Coin. KM# 571. NGC MS64! Mint Year: 1994 Reference: KM- 571. Mint Place: Mexico (Mo) Denomination: 50 Neuvos Pesos - Nino ...
You may be interested in ...
The rulers of the empires
Dynasty tree and coins
Check yourself!

Coin Puzzle
Coins Prices