Spanish Real and Peseta

The Spanish real and the peseta were both units of currency used in Spain, but they existed during different historical periods and had different values.

Spanish Real (Medieval to 19th Century):
The Spanish real originated during the medieval period as a silver coin.
It was introduced as a unit of account by King Pedro I of Castile in the 14th century.
The real was widely used in Spain and its colonies for several centuries as the standard unit of currency.
The real underwent various changes and reforms over time to address issues such as debasement and counterfeiting.
It was eventually replaced by the peseta in the 19th century when Spain adopted decimal currency.

Spanish Peseta (19th Century to 2002):
The Spanish peseta was introduced in 1868 as Spain's official currency, replacing the real.
It was initially pegged to the French franc at a rate of 1 peseta = 4 French francs.
The peseta underwent several reforms and changes in value over its history, including devaluations and revaluations.
Spain joined the Latin Monetary Union in 1868, which standardized the value of the peseta relative to other currencies in the union.
The peseta remained Spain's official currency until it was replaced by the euro in 2002, following Spain's adoption of the euro as its official currency.
Both the Spanish real and the peseta played significant roles in Spain's economic and monetary history, reflecting the country's evolution from a medieval kingdom to a modern nation-state. While the real was a unit of currency used primarily in the pre-modern period, the peseta served as Spain's official currency during the 19th and 20th centuries until it was replaced by the euro.

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