3 Mark German Empire (1871-1918) Silver Frederick Francis IV, Gra ...

Metal:
Issue year(s):
1915

Person:
Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg (1882 - 1945)             
Catalog reference:


1915, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frederick Francis IV. Silver 3 Mark Coin


Mint Year: 1915
Mint Place: Berlin (A)
Reference: Jaeger 88, KM-340.
Denominatino: 3 Mark - Centennial of Friedrich Franz I’s rise to the rank of Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1815.
Weight: 16,63gm
Diameter: 33mm
Material: Silver


Obverse: Busts of Friedrich Franz I and Friedrich Franz IV facing left. Mint initial (.A.) below bust truncation.
Legend: FRIEDR • FRANZ • I • 1815 • FRIEDR • FRANZ • IV • 1915 • GROSSHERZOGE v MECKLENB • SCHW • / JAHRHVNDERTFEIER



Reverse: Crown of the German Empire above heraldic eagle of Germany with Prussian shield within star order at chest.

Legend: DEUTSCHES REICH 1915 • DREI MARK •


Mecklenburg’s princely dynasty was descended linearly from the princes (or kings) of a Slavic tribe, the Obotrites, and had its original residence in a castle (Mecklenburg) in Dorf Mecklenburg (Mikelenburg) close to Wismar. As part of a feudal union under German law from 1160—at first under the Saxons—Mecklenburg was granted imperial immediacy in 1348 and its princely rulers styled Dukes of Mecklenburg. Despite several partitions, Mecklenburg remained an integral state until the end of the monarchy. The First Partition of Mecklenburg came in 1234, causing the principality to lose land. Thus arose the partial principalities (lordships) of Werle, Parchim-Richenberg, Rostock and Mecklenburg. In modern times it was divided into the two (partial) duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (I) and Mecklenburg-Stargard (1348–1471), Mecklenburg-Schwerin (II) and Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1555–1695), and with the Treaty of Hamburg (1701) into Mecklenburg-Schwerin (III) and Mecklenburg-Strelitz. However, the dynasty always retained feudal rights to the entire fief and the rulers of both parts of the country always had identical titles, which led to diplomatic confusion.


The Congress of Vienna in 1815 granted the ruling dukes an adjustment in rank with the title Grand Duke of Mecklenburg and the personal style Royal Highness. Both parts of the country were henceforth designated Grand Duchies. Besides both rulers, each heir to the throne, their respective wives and all other members of the princely family used the title of Duke (or Duchess) of Mecklenburg, notwithstanding the customary name of Princes and Princesses. The rulers of Mecklenburg were styled Duke of (from 1815 Grand Duke of) Mecklenburg, Prince of the Wends, Schwerin and Ratzeburg, and Count of Schwerin, Lord of the Lands of Rostock and Stargard (Herzog zu / Großherzog von Mecklenburg, Fürst zu Wenden, Schwerin und Ratzeburg, auch Graf zu Schwerin, der Lande Rostock und Stargard Herr).


At the end of the monarchy in 1918, the House of Mecklenburg was the oldest ruling princely dynasty in Germany. During the Weimar Republic, the former princely title was turned into a commoner’s surname, Herzog zu Mecklenburg (“Duke of Mecklenburg”).



Frederick Francis IV (Friedrich Franz Michael; 9 April 1882 – 17 November 1945) was the last Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and regent of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He inherited the throne when he was fifteen years old in 1897 and was forced to renounce it in 1918.


Born on 9 April 1882, Duke Frederick Francis IV was the son of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, then hereditary Grand duke, and Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia. He was born in Palermo, Sicily at Villa Belmonte where his parents were staying to alleviate the faltering health of the hereditary Grand duke. Frederick Francis’s father suffered from a weak heart, chronic asthma, and acute eczema and had to live part of the year away from Mecklenburg in a warmer climate. Frederick Francis’s mother, raised in the splendor of the Russian imperial court and the Orthodox church, never got used to the provincial austerity of the Lutheran court of Schwerin, preferring to live abroad.


Frederick Francis was one year old when he became the hereditary grand duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at the death of his grandfather Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin on 15 April 1883. Frederick Francis IV had an older sister, Alexandrine and a younger one, Cecilie. The three children were raised with simplicity and a lot of freedom by royal standards. Theirs was a polyglot household. The three siblings, who would remain very close throughout their lives, learned English, French, German and Russian. The family spent only half of the year in Schwerin during the summer months. They stayed as little time as possible in Schwerin Castle surrounded by a lake, preferring Gelbensande, a hunting lodge near Rostock and the Baltic Sea. There, the family led the simple life they preferred. Friederich Franz III spent most his time hunting, while Anastasia and the children rode or drove out, visited local people or enjoyed the beach and the surrounding forest. Every year from November until May, they lived in Villa Welden in Cannes where they sailed with their father and swam in the Mediterranean. On their journey back to Germany they stopped in Paris.


Frederick Francis IV succeeded his father as Grand Duke upon his death on 10 April 1897. He had just turned fifteen the day before. As he was a teenager, due to his minority, the grand duchy was governed by his uncle Duke Johann Albrecht as regent. Frederick Francis’s mother, Grand Duchess Anastasia preferred to remain in France while he continued the long preparation to eventually assume the throne. The following year, his older sister, Alexandrine married the Danish Crown Prince (future King Christian X in 1912). His mother and younger sister Cecile visited him frequently in Dresden and during their stays, they would go out for long drives in a carriage and horses bought for him from Schwerin. In 1903, the young Grand Duke moved to Bonn, where he attended university and studied administration and law. Adolf Langfeld was appointed as his study advisor.


On 9 April 1901 Frederick Francis came of age, ending the regency and beginning his reign in Schwerin. He immediately began working on a reform of the constitution, but it failed in the face of opposition from parliament.


Following the 1918 suicide of Grand Duke Adolphus Frederick VI of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Frederick Francis took up the regency of Strelitz. This happened because the heir presumptive Duke Charles Michael was serving in the Russian Army at the time and had indicated that he wished to renounce his succession rights. Frederick Francis abdicated the grand ducal throne on 14 November 1918 following the German Empire’s defeat in World War I; the regency ended at the same time.


After his abdication, he was initially not allowed to live in Mecklenburg and had to move to Denmark. A year later, he was permitted to return. He recovered some of his former properties and occupied some of his former homes. Frederick Francis died on 17 November 1945 in Flensburg after being arrested by No6 RAF Security section on 9 November 1945. He was succeeded as head of the grand ducal house by his son Hereditary Grand Duke Friedrich Franz.



    

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5  coins in the group

(1737 X 856pixels, file size: ~395K)
Posted by: anonymous  2023-10-30
1915, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frederick Francis IV. Silver 3 Mark Coin. NGC MS-63! Mint Year: 1915Mint Place: Berlin (A)Reference: Jaeger 88, KM-340. Condition: Certified and graded by NGC as MS-63!Denominatino: 3 Mark - Centennial of Friedrich Franz I’s rise to the rank of Grand Duke of ...

(900 X 443pixels, file size: ~118K)
Posted by: anonymous  2015-09-02
DEUTSCHLAND Deutsches Kaiserreich Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Grossherzogtum Friedrich Franz IV. 1897-1918. 3 Mark 1915, Berlin. Auf die 100-Jahrfeier des Grossherzogtums. 16.65 g. J. 88. KM 340. Fast vorzüglich.

(740 X 369pixels, file size: ~63K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-11-12
1915,Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Friedrich Franz IV. 1897-1918. 3 Mark 1915 A. Jahrhundertfeier. Jaeger 88. Kleine Randfehler, vorzüglich.

(740 X 368pixels, file size: ~64K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-07-04
1915,Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Friedrich Franz IV. 1897-1918. 3 Mark 1915 A. 100-Jahrfeier. Jaeger 88. Schöne Patina. Kleine Randfehler, sehr schön - vorzüglich.

(740 X 369pixels, file size: ~65K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-11-08
1915,Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Friedrich Franz IV. 1897-1918. 3 Mark 1915 A. 100-Jahrfeier. Jaeger 88. Fast Stempelglanz.

Sold for: $5.0
GERMANY 25 Pfennig 1910 A - Nickel - Wilhelm II. - VF - 2528

Sold for: $6.0
GERMANY 20 Pfennig 1890 A - Copper/Nickel - Wilhelm II. - VF - 2529

Sold for: $4.0
GERMANY (Freudenstadt) 10 Pfennig 1919 - Zinc - Notgeld - XF/aUNC - 2532
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