20 Kreuzer Salzburg Silver

Metal:
State:
Salzburg             
Issue year(s):
1805

Catalog reference:

CoinWorldTV

1805, Salzburg (Grand Duchy), Ferdinand. Scarce Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin


Mint Year: 1805

Denomination: 20 Kreuzer

Reference: KM-496 ($120 in XF!). R!

Mint Place: Salzburg (Electorate – Grand Duchy)

Material: Silver (.585)

Diameter: 27mm

Weight: 6.66gm


Obverse: Bare head of Ferdinand as Prince-elector and Grand Duke of Salzburg right. Mint official’s initial (M) below.

Legend: FERDINANDUS D . G . H . B . R . P . R . A . A . D . SAL .


Reverse: Ducal crown on multiple coat-of arms of the Prince-elector. Value (20) within diamond-shaped border below.

Legend: PRINC . A . I . PAS . ET BER <20> S . R . I . P . ELECTOR  1805


 


The Electorate of Salzburg (German: Kurfürstentum Salzburg or Kursalzburg), occasionally known as the Grand Duchy of Salzburg, was an electoral principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1803–05. Its capital was Salzburg. The Archbishopric of Salzburg was secularized in 1803 as part of the German Mediatisation and reorganized as the Electorate of Salzburg. The electorate was created for Ferdinand III, former Grand Duke of Tuscany. Its territory also included parts of the Berchtesgaden Provostry, the Bishopric of Eichstätt, and the Bishopric of Passau. he electorate passed to the Austrian Empire according to the 1805 Peace of Pressburg; Ferdinand was compensated with the Grand Duchy of Würzburg, while the Eichstätt and Passau areas fell to the Kingdom of Bavaria. Salzburg then passed from Austria to Bavaria in the 1809 Treaty of Schönbrunn. The region was divided between Austria and Bavaria in the 1814 Peace of Paris and was subsequently administered from Linz in the Archduchy of Upper Austria. The Salzburg region became the Duchy of Salzburg in 1850.


 


Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (6 May 1769 – 18 June 1824) was Grand Duke of Tuscany, (1790-1801; 1814-1824). He was also the Prince-elector and Grand Duke of Salzburg (1803-1806) and Grand Duke of Würzburg (1806-1814).


Ferdinand was born in Florence, Tuscany, into the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was the son of Leopold, then Grand-Duke of Tuscany, and his wife Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain.


When his father was elected Emperor in 1790, Ferdinand succeeded him as Grand Duke of Tuscany ceded by his father on 22 July 1790. He was driven out by the French in 1799 but still ruled in Tuscany until 1801, when in the Treaty of Aranjuez (1801), he was forced by Napoleon to make way for the Kingdom of Etruria, created as compensation for the Bourbon Dukes of Parma, being dispossessed by the Peace of Lunéville in that same year.


Ferdinand was compensated by being given the Dukedom and Electorate of Salzburg, the secularized lands of the Archbishop of Salzburg, as Duke of Salzburg. He was also made a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire, both on 26 December 1802, a role which expired with the Empire’s dissolution in 1806.


On 25 December 1805, Ferdinand had to give up Salzburg as well, which by the Treaty of Pressburg was annexed by his older brother, Emperor Francis II. Ferdinand was made Duke of Würzburg, a new state created for him from the old Bishopric of Würzburg, remaining an Elector. With the dissolution of the Empire in 1806 he took the new title of Grand Duke of Würzburg.


On 30 May 1814, after Napoleon’s fall, Ferdinand was restored as Grand-Duke of Tuscany. However, in 1815, the Duchy of Lucca was carved out of Tuscany, again as temporary compensation for the Bourbons of Parma. (Lucca would be reintegrated into Tuscany in 1847.)


Ferdinand died in 1824 in Florence and was succeeded by his son Leopold.

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Posted by: anonymous  2024-02-16
1805, Salzburg (Grand Duchy), Ferdinand. Scarce Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin. AU++ Mint Year: 1805 Denomination: 20 Kreuzer Reference: KM-496 ($120 in XF!). R! Mint Place: Salzburg (Electorate - Grand Duchy) Condition: Minor old scratches/spot removals in fields, othrewise a nicel ...

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