1 Thaler Salzburg Silver

Metal:
State:
Salzburg             
Issue year(s):
1619

Catalog reference:


1619, Salzburg, Mark Sittich von Hohenems. Rare Silver Thaler Coin


Mint Year: 1619
Denomination:  Thaler
Reference: Davenport 3492, KM-38. Rare!
Mint Place: Salzburg (as independent Archibishopric).
Weight: 28.65gm
Diameter: 41mm
Material: Silver


Obverse: Saint Rupert seated in throne, wearing episcopal regalia, holding crozier and salt barrel. 
Legend: SANCT • RVDBERTVS  • EPS • ALISBVR : I6I9 •



Reverse:
Tasseled papal legate´s hat above cross-topped oval arms of the Archbishop and the Archbishopric within folliage.

Legend: MARCVS • SITTICVS • D : G : AREPS • SAL : AP : SE : L :


The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an ecclesiastical State of the Holy Roman Empire, its territory roughly congruent with the present-day Austrian state of Salzburg. The diocese arose from St Peter’s Abbey, founded in the German stem duchy of Bavaria about 696 by St Rupert at the former Roman city of Iuvavum (Salzburg). The last Archbishop with princely authority before the secularisation was Count Hieronymus von Colloredo, an early patron of Salzburg native Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Up to today, the Archbishop of Salzburg has also borne the title Primas Germaniae (“First [Bishop] of Germany”). The powers of this title –   non-jurisdictional – are limited to being the Pope’s first correspondent   in the German-speaking world, but used to include the right to preside   over the Princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The Archbishop also has the title of Legatus Natus (“born legate”) to the Pope, which, although not a cardinal, gives the Archbishop the privilege of wearing red vesture (which is much deeper than a cardinal’s scarlet), even in Rome.



Mark Sittich von Hohenems (24 June 1574 – 9 October 1619) was Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1612 until his death.


Mark Sittich von Hohenems was born in Hohenems, Further Austria (Vorarlberg), a member of the noble House of Ems. His father, Jakob Hannibal of Hohenems (1530–1587), was an army general in the service of the Habsburg emperor Charles V and his uncle, the Constance bishop Mark Sittich von Hohenems Altemps (1533–1595), was raised to Cardinal by Pope Pius IV in 1561. A minor upon his father’s death in 1587, he was educated by his powerful uncle and became a canon in Constance. Two years later, he joined the Salzburg Cathedral chapter under his cousin Prince-Archbishop Wolf Dietrich Raitenau, while studying in Milan and, since 1585, in Rome.


Following the defeat and arrest of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich Raitenau by Bavarian forces in 1612, the cathedral chapter elected him to be the new Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg on 18 March 1612.  He received the Holy Ordersfrom the hands of the Chiemsee bishop Ehrenfried von Kuenburg on October 7.  Raitenau gave his consent, hoping to be released from his custody at Hohensalzburg Castle; his hopes, however, were disappointed.


As Prince-archbishop, Mark Sittich had no intention to be a puppet of Duke Maximilian of Bavaria: by refusing to enter the Catholic League,2 he was able to keep the Archbishopric of Salzburg out of the Thirty Years' War.2 His relatives, the Counts of Hohenems, tolerated Lutheranism and sponsored the arts, but paying taxes to both warring entities failed to keep them out of the warfare, only prompting taxpayer unrest.


During his incumbency, the Archbishop took up the Counter-Reformation policies of his predecessor and had stern measures imposed on his subjects. According to the resolutions of the Council of Trent, he had the Catholic Corpus Christi fraternity established in order to fight “falsehood and heresy”. Mark Sittikus also continued the redevelopment of his Salzburgresidence: he employed the Italian architect Santino Solari to pursue the reconstruction of Salzburg Cathedral according to plans designed by Vincenzo Scamozzi, with the foundation stone of the new building being laid in 1614. Nevertheless, the church building was not finished until in 1628 under. The archbishop also commissioned Santino Solari to build Hellbrunn Palace as his summer residence in the style of an ancient villa rustica, including extended gardens and its famous fountains.  He was thus a major figure in promoting Baroque architecture north of the Alps.2 Moreover, under his rule, Monteverdi’s opera L’Orfeo was performed on several occasions in Salzburg between 1614 and 1619.


During the last stage of his rule, Mark Sittich witnessed the outbreak of the Thirty Years' War with the Defenestration of Prague in 1618. On 16 July 1619, he received the Habsburg archduke Ferdinand II en route to the Imperial election in Frankfurt. Joined by the English envoy James Hay, they shared a festive meal and Ferdinand left Salzburg the next day with an archiepiscopal letter of credit for 50,000 guilders.


Later in September, while Markus Sittikus awaited the arrival of the newly crowned Holy Roman Emperor on his way back to Vienna, he fell seriously ill with fever and died within fourteen days on 9 October 1619.  He was buried in the Franciscan cloister in Salzburg.


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2  coins in the group

(1537 X 758pixels, file size: ~286K)
Posted by: anonymous  2023-10-29
1619, Salzburg, Mark Sittich von Hohenems. Rare Silver Thaler Coin. NGC VF-30! Mint Year: 1619Denomination: ThalerReference: Davenport 3492, KM-38. Rare!Mint Place: Salzburg (as independent Archibishopric).Condition: Certified and graded by NGC as VF-30!Weight: 28.65gmDiameter: 41mm ...

(800 X 402pixels, file size: ~92K)
Posted by: anonymous  2016-03-16
Austria - Salzburg, Erzbistum - Marcus Sitticus Graf von Hohenems 1612-1619; talar 1616, Salzburg; Dav. 3492, Probszt 967, Zöttl 1163; srebro 28.59 g, ciemna patyna - GRADE: III

Sold for: $32.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/364890803587 2024-05-23
AUSTRIA 20 Kreuzer 1868 - Silver .500 - aUNC - 364

Sold for: $12.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/204788134564 2024-05-23
AUSTRIA 20 Kreuzer 1869 - Silver .500 - VF - 362

Sold for: $15.0
Info: https://www.ebay.com/itm/204788134520 2024-05-23
AUSTRIA 20 Kreuzer 1870 - Silver .500 - XF- 363
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