1 Ducat Free City of Frankfurt Gold

Issue year(s):

Catalog reference:

1618, Frankfurt (Free City). Gold Ducat “St. John w. Lamb of God” Coin

Mint Year: 1618

Mint Place: Frankfurt

Denomination: Ducat  / Goldgulden

Mint Official: Caspar Ayrer (privy mark: AE)

Reference: Friedberg 960, KM-49.2 (described there as a ducat, and valued at $1400 in XF!)

Diameter: 24mm

Material: Gold

Weight: 3.2gm

Obverse: Standing togate figuere of Saint John, holding Lamb of God (Agnus Dei), which holds a banner. Coat-of-arms of Frankfurt in front of his legs below.


Reverse: Imperial crown above nimbate double-headed eagle with cross-topped orb at chest. Titles of Emperor Matthias II around.

Legend: . MATTH . ROM . IMP . SEMP . AVGVSTVS . 1618 ° (privy mark: AE)

John the Baptist (c. 1st century BC – c. AD 30) was a Judaean preacher active in the area of the Jordan River in the early 1st century AD. He is also known as Saint John the Forerunner in Eastern Orthodoxy, John the Immerser in some Baptist Christian traditions,  Saint John by certain Catholic churches, and Prophet Yahya in Islam. He is sometimes alternatively referred to as John the Baptiser.

John is mentioned by the Roman Jewish historian Josephus and he is revered as a major religious figure in Christianity, Islam, the Baháʼí faith, the Druze faith, and Mandaeism, the latter in which he is considered to be the final and most vital prophet. He is considered to be a prophet of God by all of the aforementioned faiths, and is honoured as a saint in many Christian denominations. According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself, and the Gospels portray John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus. Jesus himself identifies John as “Elijah who is to come”, which is a direct reference to the Book of Malachi (Malachi 4:5), that has been confirmed by the angel who announced John’s birth to his father, Zechariah. According to the Gospel of Luke, John and Jesus were relatives.

Some scholars maintain that John belonged to the Essenes, a semi-ascetic Jewish sect who expected a messiah and practiced ritual baptism. John used baptism as the central symbol or sacrament of his pre-messianic movement. Most biblical scholars agree that John baptized Jesus, and several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus' early followers had previously been followers of John.

According to the New Testament, John was sentenced to death and subsequently beheaded by Herod Antipas around AD 30 after John rebuked him for divorcing his wife Phasaelis and then unlawfully wedding Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip I. Josephus also mentions John in the Antiquities of the Jews and states that he was executed by order of Herod Antipas in the fortress at Machaerus.

Followers of John existed well into the 2nd century AD, and some proclaimed him to be the messiah. In modern times, the followers of John the Baptist are the Mandaeans, an ancient ethnoreligious group who believe that he is their greatest and final prophet. In the Roman martyrology, apart from Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary, St. John is the only saint whose birth and death are both commemorated.


Frankfurt, officially Frankfurt am Main, is the most populous city in the German state of Hesse. Its 791,000 inhabitants as of 2022 make it the fifth-most populous city in Germany, and it is the only city in the country rated as an “alpha world city” according to GaWC. Located in the foreland of the Taunus on its namesake Main River, it forms a continuous conurbation with the neighboring city of Offenbach am Main and its urban area has a population of over 2.3 million. The city is the heart of the larger Rhine-Main metropolitan region, which has a population of more than 5.8 million and is Germany’s second-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr region. Frankfurt’s central business district lies about 90 km (56 mi) northwest of the geographic center of the EU at Gadheim in Lower Franconia. Like France and Franconia, the city is named after the Franks.

Frankfurt is the largest city in the Rhenish Franconian dialect area. Frankfurt was a city state, the Free City of Frankfurt, for nearly five centuries, and was one of the most important cities of the Holy Roman Empire, as a site of Imperial coronations; it lost its sovereignty upon the collapse of the empire in 1806, regained it in 1815 and then lost it again in 1866, when it was annexed (though neutral) by the Kingdom of Prussia. It has been part of the state of Hesse since 1945. Frankfurt is culturally, ethnically and religiously diverse, with half of its population, and a majority of its young people, having a migrant background. A quarter of the population consists of foreign nationals, including many expatriates. In 2015, Frankfurt was home to 1909 ultra high-net-worth individuals, the sixth-highest number of any city. As of 2017, Frankfurt is the 14th-wealthiest city in the world.

Matthias (24 February 1557 – 20 March 1619) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1612 to 1619, Archduke of Austria from 1608 to 1619, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 to 1618 and King of Bohemia from 1611 to 1617. His personal motto was Concordia lumine maior (“Unity is stronger in the light”).

Matthias played a significant role in the familial opposition of the Habsburgs against his brother Emperor Rudolf II. After gaining power, he showed little political initiative of his own. The course of his politics was determined by Cardinal Melchior Klesl until his fall in 1618. As a consequence of his failed religious and administrative policies, the Bohemian Revolt, the initial theatre of the Thirty Years' War, began during the final year of Matthias' reign.


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Posted by: anonymous  2023-11-08
1618, Frankfurt (Free City). Gold Ducat "St. John w. Lamb of God" Coin. NGC AU+ Mint Year: 1618 Mint Place: Frankfurt Denomination: Ducat / Goldgulden Mint Official: Caspar Ayrer (privy mark: AE) Condition: Certified and graded by NGC as AU (Details: Cleaned!) Reference: Frie ...

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