1 Cent USA (1776 - ) Tin/Copper/Zinc

Metal:
Issue year(s):
1864-1909

Catalog reference:

Indian Head Cent Small Cents

United States. Beautiful Indian Head Cent Coin.
Mint Years: (1864-1909)
Reference: KM-90a.
Denomination: Indian Head Cent
Material: Bronze
Diameter: 19mm
Weight: 3.18gm
Obverse: Indian head with headdress left above date.
Legend: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Reverse: Denomination within wreath.
Legend: ONE CENT
The Indian Head one-cent coin, also known as an Indian Penny , was produced by the United States Mint from 1859 to 1909 at the Philadelphia Mint and in 1908 and 1909 at the San Francisco Mint. It was designed by James Barton Longacre, the engraver at the Philadelphia Mint.
The obverse of the coin shows “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,” the head of Liberty wearing a feather head dress of a Native American and the year of production. The word “LIBERTY” appears on the band of the head dress as is required on all United States coins.  From 1859 to 1864 the design did not feature any mark of the designer. When the change to bronze (see below) occurred in 1864, Chief Engraver Longacre modified the portrait by sharpening the details. He added his initial “L” on the ribbon behind Liberty’s neck as well. This design would continue until the end of the series, with a minor modification by Charles E. Barber in 1886.
Two reverse designs were used for the series. In 1859 the reverse featured “ONE CENT” within a wreath of laurel (or properly olive). From 1860 until the end of the series the reverse featured “ONE CENT” within a wreath of oak and olive tied at the base with a ribbon with a Federal shield above. This design continued until the end on the series in 1909 with a minor modification by William Barber in 1870.
The coins struck between 1859 and 1864 contained 88% copper and 12% nickel. During this time, prior to the issuance of the Five-Cent nickel coin, the cent was commonly referred to as a “Nickel” or “Nick,” for short. Due to the hoarding of all coinage during the Civil War, the nickel cent disappeared from daily use and were replaced in many Northern cities by private tokens. The success of these copper tokens prompted the change of the cent to a similar metal. In 1864, the alloy changed to Bronze (95% copper and 5% tin and zinc), and the weight of the coins was reduced from 72 grains to 48 grains. (This weight continued for copper-alloy U.S. cents until the 1982 introduction of the current copper-plated zinc cent.
The total production of the Indian Head cent was 1,849,648,000 pieces. The 1909-S had the lowest mintage, only 309,000. It is not considered as scarce as the 1877 issue, (852,500), since fewer of those were kept, particularly in the higher grades.

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UNITED STATES 1 Cent 1862 - VF/XF - 3005

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UNITED STATES 1 Cent 1859 - F/VF - 3011

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UNITED STATES 1 Cent 1887 - Bronze - XF - 3020

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UNITED STATES 1 Cent 1884 - Bronze - VF/XF - 3019

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UNITED STATES 1 Cent 1873 - Bronze - XF- 3014

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UNITED STATES 1 Cent 1904 - Bronze - XF - 3030
Articles
Variations of 1 cent copper coins of USA   One cent copper coins, commonly referred to as "pennies," have been minted in various designs and compositions throughout the history of the United States. Here are some notable variations:Large Cents (1793-1857): The United States Mint initially produced large cents, which were about the size of a modern half dollar. These coins featured vari ...

Sold for: $3000.0
1923-S Liberty Standing Quarter Dollar. PCGS graded MS-64 PQ. Well struck with the head nearly full. Close examination suggests this is a full head. Lightly toned around the edges. A nice origin ...

Sold for: $10550.0
1919-D. PCGS graded MS-63. CAC Approved. Weak strike as usually seen for the date. But overall a beautiful lustrous untoned example for this rare date. The end of the First World War, celebrated ...

Sold for: $8500.0
1876. PCGS graded Proof 65 Cameo. Blast white Gem Cameo Proof. Only 1,260 struck. The Twenty-cent piece, sometimes called a "double dime," had a brief appearance in the fourth quarter of the 19t ...
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