17 Kreuzer Austria Billon Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708-1765)

Metal:
Issue year(s):
1754

Catalog reference:

1765-KB, Austria, Francis I Stephen. Silver 17 Kreuzer Coin

Mint Year: 1765
Denomination: 17 Kreuzer
Mint Place: Kremnitz (K-B)
Reference: KM-2026.1 (listed under Austria!)

Diameter: 27mm

Weight: ca. 6gm 

Material: Silver


Obverse: Laureated, draped and armored bust of Francis I right.

Legend: FRANC . D:G . R . I . S . A . - GE . IER . R . LO . B . M . H . D .



Reverse:
Crowned nimbate imperial eagle with crowned coat-of-arms within Toison Order chain. Mint initials (K-B) below.

Legend: IN TE DOMINE  SPERAVI  ("In thee Lord, have I put my trust!") 1765 . X .


Francis I (Francis Stephen; 8 December 170818 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real power of those positions. With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty.


On 12 February 1736 Francis and Maria Theresa were married, and they went for a short time to Florence, when he succeeded to the grand duchy on the death of Gian Gastone de' Medici, the last of the ruling house of Medici. His wife secured in the Treaty of Füssen his election to the Empire on 13 September 1745, in succession to Charles VII, and she made him co-regent of her hereditary dominions.


Francis was well content to leave the wielding of power to his able wife. He had a natural fund of good sense and some business capacity and was a useful assistant to Maria Theresa in the laborious task of governing the complicated Austrian dominions, but his functions appear to have been primarily secretarial. He also took a great interest in the natural sciences. He was a member of the Freemasons.


Francis was quite the philanderer and was known for his many indiscreet affairs, notably one with Princess Auersperg, who was thirty years his junior. This particular affair has been remarked upon the letters and journals of visitors to the court and his children.


He died suddenly in his carriage while returning from the opera at Innsbruck on 18 August 1765. He is buried in tomb number 55 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna.


Maria Theresa and Francis I had sixteen children--their youngest daughter was the future queen consort of France, Marie Antoinette (1755-1793). He was officially succeeded by his eldest son Joseph II although the real power remained with his wife. Another son was the Emperor Leopold II.



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5  coins in the group

(3188 X 1600pixels, file size: ~1M)
Posted by: anonymous  2024-03-12
1765-KB, Austria, Francis I Stephen. Silver 17 Kreuzer Coin. Kremnitz! PCGS AU+ Mint Year: 1765Reference: KM-2026.1.Denomination: 17 KreuzerMint Place: Hall (Tyrol, Austria)Condition: Certified and graded by NGC as MS-62! - Population 2/0!Material: Silver (.542)Diameter: 27mmWeight: ca. ...

(1537 X 736pixels, file size: ~251K)
Posted by: anonymous  2018-07-17
1756, Austria, Emperor Francis I Stephen. Silver 17 Kreuzer Coin. Kremnitz mint! Mint Year: 1756 Denomination: 17 Kreuzer Mint Place: Kremnitz (K-B) Reference: KM-2026.1 (listed under Austria!) Condition: Weight-adjusting marks and minor scratches in fields, otherwise a nicely toned XF+ Dia ...

(1537 X 754pixels, file size: ~313K)
Posted by: anonymous  2023-10-29
1765-KB, Austria, Francis I Stephen. Silver 17 Kreuzer Coin. Kremnitz! PCGS AU+ Mint Year: 1765Denomination: 17 KreuzerMint Place: Kremnitz (K-B)Reference: KM-2026.1 (listed under Austria!) Condition: Certified and graded by PCGS as AU (Details: Cleaned!) Diameter: 27mm Weight: ca. 6gm ...

(1365 X 654pixels, file size: ~190K)
Posted by: anonymous  2018-04-05
1762, Austria, Emperor Francis I Stephen. Silver 17 Kreuzer Coin. Kremnitz! Mint Year: 1762 Denomination: 17 Kreuzer Mint Place: Kremnitz (K-B) Reference: KM-2026.1 (listed under Austria!) Condition: Scrape in obverse a few hits (digs) in reverse, otherwise a nicely toned XF! Diameter: 27mm ...

Sold for: $4.0
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